Swacch Bharat Abhiyan is a national level movement by Government of India. It was launched by Hon’ble Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Modi, he himself cleaned a road. Mission was official launched on October 2, 2014 at Rajghat, New Delhi. Mission originally focuses on the clean India by cleaning the streets, roads and infrastructure of the country. The basic things are considered in focus like, eradication of open defection, translation of unhygienic toilets to pour flush toilets, collection and scientific treatment/disposal recycle/reuse of Municipal Solid Waste, to strengthen urban local bodies to design, execute and operate systems, to create enabling environment for private sector participation in Capital Expenditure and Operation & Maintenance (O&M) costs.
This mission also aims at bringing the behavioral change in the people regarding sanitation practices and what is its linkage with the public health. Once this behavioral change comes in action it will be like a huge change that will help keeping the country clean.
The Prime Minister of India, nominated nine famous personalities for this campaign, and they took up the challenge. Nine nominated personalities in-turn will also nominate 9 more people formatting a network like structure and this will go on. Shri Modi Ji, selected 9 notable public figures to propagate this campaign and they are: Shir Anil Ambani, Baba Ramdev, Shri Kama Hassan, Mridula Sinha, Ms Priyanka Chopra, Shri Sachin Tendulkar, Shri Salman Khan and Shri Shashi Tharoor. On October 2, Shri Anil Ambani, an Indian industrialist and a participant in this event, told in a statement – I am honored to be invited by our respected Prime Minister Shri Narendrabhai Modi to join the “Swachh Bharat Abhiyan” I dedicate myself to this movement and will invite nine other leading Indians to join me in the “Clean India” campaign.
Government would be launching a Nationwide Real Time Monitoring system for toilets constructed under the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan. With this system government aims to attain 100% Open Defecation Free India by 2019.
There are few draw backs in the implementation of the system like corruption, irresponsibility and political score. Poorest Indians could not get the toilets, latrines etc because of these. The political score here is that every time the government changes it changes the name of the scheme but the problem of the delivery of toilets, latrines etc. remain as it is. This time we can hope it is going last for long, the nomination process keeps on going with large number of places being cleaned. The private sector participants play a good role in Capital Expenditure and Operation & Maintenance (O&M).
The official website on Swacch Bharat is http://swachhbharat.mygov.in/ here people can get the information on it along with nominees. This campaign aims to accomplish the vision of ‘Clean India’ by October 2, 2019, 150th birthday of Mahatma Gandhi Ji Father of the Nation and is expected to cost over Rs 62000 crore. The fund sharing between the Central Government and the State Government/ Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) is 75%:25% (90%:10% for North Eastern and special category states) the campaign was described as “beyond politics” and “inspired by patriotism”.